Indonesia mandates crypto exchanges to register with the Commodity Future Exchange (CFX), its national crypto bourse, or risk closure. The move aims to enhance investor safety and gather transaction data for taxation.
The Rise of CFX
Indonesia, with its Commodity Future Exchange (CFX), seeks comprehensive registration of crypto exchanges. The CFX, akin to traditional stock exchanges, prioritizes digital assets. Launched this year, it emerged in response to Indonesia’s crypto popularity, boasting over 18 million registered traders compared to 12 million in the stock market.
Dual Purpose: Safety and Taxation
While framed as a safety initiative, the government sees the CFX as a tool for tracking digital asset transactions for taxation. The exchange aims to create a secure environment for investors while ensuring tax compliance in the burgeoning crypto ecosystem.
Guided by regulations from the Indonesian Commodity Futures Trading Supervisory Agency (Bappebti), crypto exchanges must seek authorization. The process involves registration with self-regulatory organizations such as the CFX, followed by scrutiny from Bappebti to assess operational fitness. The coveted crypto exchange license (PFAK) is only granted upon meeting all requirements.
Prospective Crypto Exchanges
Firms operational since 2014 are termed “prospective crypto exchanges” under the authorization regime introduced in 2019. To continue operations, these entities must navigate stringent checks, and a deadline of August 17, 2024, looms. Registration with the CFX is pivotal for their transition to fully recognized crypto exchanges.
CFX’s Monitoring Role
Subani, Chairman of CFX, notes that transactions within prospective crypto exchanges are meticulously reported and monitored. The primary objective is to ensure a seamless shift from prospective to recognized crypto exchanges.
CFX registration serves as a gateway for the government to monitor crypto transactions for taxation. Future considerations include a potential custodian for asset storage, liquidity monitoring, and a clearing house for tax compliance recording. The tax landscape may evolve in 2025 as regulatory oversight shifts from Bappebti to the Financial Services Authority, possibly reclassifying crypto as securities.
The reclassification could benefit crypto traders, potentially reducing Value Added Tax (VAT) and Income Tax (PPh) burdens. Robby, Chairman of Aspakrindo, foresees the removal of VAT and lower income tax rates, fostering Indonesia’s global competitiveness in the crypto landscape.
The Indonesian government’s push for crypto exchange registration on the national bourse signals a commitment to ensuring a safer and more regulated digital asset ecosystem. As the deadline approaches, crypto exchanges face the choice of compliance or potential shutdown, with implications for taxation and regulatory changes on the horizon.